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Presentation, speeches and articles

Menecon Consulting staff regularly speak at major energy industry conferences, meetings and seminars and occaisionally write articles on topical energy-related issues. Recent presentations and articles are listed below. Please click on the links to download the files.


Trevor Morgan: Autogas Incentive Policies, POGP International LPG Conference, Warsaw, 9 March 2012

Trevor Morgan: Riding the shale gas wave, ICIS 7th World Olefins Conference, Brussels, 29 February 2012

Trevor Morgan: Autogas Incentive Policies, 1st Global Autogas Summit, Doha, ICIS 7th World Olefins Conference, Brussels, 29 September 2011

Trevor Morgan: The long-term outlook for the global oil market and the role of heavy oil, Heavy Oil World, Dubai, 30 May 2011

Trevor Morgan: Developments in Unconventional gas and implications for global gas markets, Unconventional Gas Summit, Singapore, 17 February 2011

Articles and papers

Miharu Kanai: Decoupling the Oil and Gas Prices, Note de l'IFRI (Institut Francais des Relations Internationales, May 2011


Menecon Consulting makes available these documents in the interests of stimulating discussion and informing the energy debate. Reactions, questions and suggestions are welcome, and should be addressed to

Note de l'IFRI

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Decoupling the Oil and Gas Prices: Natural Gas Pricing in the Post-Financial Crisis MarketThe Unconventional Gas Revolution Goes Global

Miharu Kanai, Senior Associate, Menecon Consulting

This paper looks into natural gas pricing in the post-financial crisis market and, in particular, examines the question whether the oil-linked gas pricing system has outlived its utility as global gas markets mature and converge more rapidly than expected and as large new resources of unconventional gas shift the gas terms-of-trade.

Two opposing natural gas pricing systems have coexisted for the last two decades. On the one hand, there is traditional oil-linked pricing, used in pipeline gas imports by Continental European countries and in LNG imports by the countries in Far East. The other is the system led by futures exchanges in deregulated, competitive markets largely in the UK and the US.

In the first half of 2009, natural gas prices set by oil-linked formulas in Continental Europe were twice as high as market prices at the Henry Hub or the NBP (National Balancing Point). Because of this, oil-indexed Russian imports fell sharply to their contract limits and discussions on de-linking gas pricing started once again. This time, the most vocal were major European gas companies which had to buy expensive oil-indexed natural gas. The same situation is developing in Asia between oil-indexed LNG and the one based on market gas prices. Even traditional oil-indexed LNG buyers in the Far East are insisting on a partial linkage to Henry Hub prices.

Gas pricing formulas in Continental Europe are typically indexed to light and heavy fuel oil. In the 1970s when oil was used to fuel many power stations and large-scale industrial plants, the logic of natural gas directly replacing oil products made sense, but markets have changed significantly over the past two decades. Crude and oil products have been increasingly forced out of power generation and other stationary uses both by price and by policy. Instead, oil is overwhelmingly used as transportation fuel. Therefore, the logic of oil as the replacement comparator for gas is no longer supported by reality.

The financial crisis and economic downturn starting in September 2008 had a profound impact on economic activities including natural gas demand. Global gas demand fell sharply between 2008 and 2009 and for the first time in decades, electricity demand also decreased. With weak electricity markets, fuel competition between spot priced natural gas and coal took place at many power plants...

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